Smart Suite Research Practitioner Fellows Academy – Faculty Bios

C. Edward Banks

Ph.D., Senior Policy Advisor, Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice.

Dr. Banks is a Senior Policy Advisor for the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA). He serves as the BJA subject matter expert on the disciplines, techniques, and best practices of program review, evidence-based programming, program assessment, and program evaluation. He is also the BJA-lead on Demonstration Field Experiments that incorporate randomized control trials. Dr. Banks directs and manages key agency projects that focus on: researcher & practitioner partnerships; cost-benefit analysis; pay for success; offender risk, needs, and responsivity principles; swift, certain, and fair sanctions; and women’s pathways to jail.

Prior to his position at BJA, Dr. Banks has held positions as the evaluation coordinator for the Michigan Prisoner Reentry Initiative (MPRI); as the statewide coordinator of Michigan’s Title V, Building Restorative Communities, and Comprehensive Strategies juvenile justice initiatives; as the research coordinator for Michigan’s substance abuse prevention needs assessment studies; and as a member of the technical assistance and national research team for DOJ’s Project Safe
Neighborhoods (PSN) initiative. He has his Master’s Degree and Ph.D. from the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University.

Contact Information:
Bureau of Justice Assistance
810 7th Street NW
Washington, DC 20531

Dr. Joel Caplan

Caplan’s research focuses on spatial modeling, risk analysis, policing, and public safety technology, with a particular focus on strategic decision-making and crime prevention.

Joel collaborates with faculty and practitioners from various disciplines to integrate spatial analysis into research and evaluation. As a computational criminologist, and from his grounded perspective as former police officer, 911 dispatcher, and emergency medical technician, Joel takes the strengths of several disciplines and builds new methods and techniques for the analysis of crime and crime patterns to inform meaningful and thoughtful actions. In this regard, he co-developed (with Leslie W. Kennedy) Risk Terrain Modeling (RTM), a geospatial method for crime diagnostics and forecasting. Joel’s original research on spatial analysis and policing has been funded by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ), Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the World Bank, among other sources, and has received awards and acclaim from the International Association of Crime Analysts, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, American Society of Criminology, and The White House. A 2014 independent report by RAND titled “Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations” described RTM as ‘genuinely’ predictive because it is “based on geographic attributes rather than merely extrapolate prior crime histories” (p. 53). Joel has published dozens of journal articles, books and book chapters on this topic and routinely consults public safety and security agencies around the world.

Recent articles have appeared in the Crime and Delinquency, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Policing, Justice Quarterly, Journal of Experimental Criminology, and Cityscape. Joel’s forthcoming book, “Risk Terrain Modeling”, is scheduled for release in 2016 by the University of California Press (co-authored with L. Kennedy).

Contact Information:
Related Areas of Expertise
Mobile: 347-625-7227
Twitter: @JoelCaplan
Action Research
Police Productivity/Performance Measures
Police-Community Relations
Risk Management
Problem Solving

Nicholas Corsaro

Ph.D., Assistant Professor, School of Criminal Justice, University of Cincinnati and Research Director, Police Foundation.

Corsaro’s research focuses on collaborating with police agencies to develop efficient and effective approaches to problem analysis and crime prevention. He also focuses considerable attention on implementing and enhancing evaluation designs that test place-based crime control strategies. Moreover, he has expertise in the identification of crime problems, research methods, analyses, and evaluation designs to examine the potential changes in gun, gang, and drug market violence.

Corsaro has served as an external evaluation researcher on a number of local and national strategic policing initiatives, including his evaluative work on the Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership (IVRP), the national Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) gun violence reduction (and evaluation) strategy, the Cincinnati Initiative to Reduce Violence (CIRV), and the New Orleans One Vision One Life focused deterrence strategy.

He has also evaluated a series of BJA sponsored open-air drug market crime control strategies, such as the drug market intervention (DMI) approach that uses focused deterrence to combat community crime problems in High Point (NC), Nashville (TN), Peoria (IL), and Rockford (IL).

His previous research appears in Crime & Delinquency, Criminology & Public Policy, Evaluation Review, International Journal of Drug Policy, Journal of Criminal Justice, Journal of Experimental Criminology, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Journal of Urban Health, and Justice Quarterly.

Contact Information:
Related Areas of Expertise
School of Criminal Justice
University of Cincinnati
665 Dyer Hall, Clifton Avenue
P.O. Box 210389
Cincinnati, OH 45221
Phone: 513–556–1967
Fax: 513–556–3303
Collaborative Research
Crime and Place
Evaluation and Assessment
Analytical Methods

Andrew M. Fox

Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Criminology, California State University, Fresno.

Andrew Fox is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminology at California State University, Fresno. He received his Ph.D. from Arizona State University in Criminology and Criminal Justice. His research interests include social network analysis, gangs, crime prevention, and communities. Fox served as the Research Partner from 2012-2016 for the Kansas City No Violence Alliance (KC NoVA), an implementation of focused deterrence aiming to prevent group related homicide. He was an embedded researcher with the Jackson County Prosecutor’s Office and the Kansas City, Missouri Police Department, actively involved in the evaluation, intelligence gathering, planning and implementation of this focused-deterrence model program. Additionally, Fox has worked with multiple police agencies to integrate social network analysis into law enforcement decision making. Strategies include community-oriented policing, enforcement, and crime prevention. In 2014, his work led to the receipt of the Bronze Award for Excellence in Law Enforcement Research Award from the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the FBI Director’s Community Leadership Award. His work has been published in the Pan American Journal of Public Health, Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, and the American Sociological Review.

Contact Information:
Related Areas of Expertise
Assistant Professor
Department of Criminology
California State University, Fresno
2576 E San Ramon, MS/S2 142
Fresno, CA  93740
Crime Prevention
Action Research
Social Network Analysis
Evaluation Research

Leslie W. Kennedy

Ph.D., Professor, Rutgers University and Director of the Rutgers Center on Public Security.

He teaches graduate-level courses at the School of Criminal Justice (SCJ) and is a core faculty member in the Division of Global Affairs at Rutgers. He was the Dean of SCJ from 1998 to 2007. Dr. Kennedy’s current research in public security builds upon his previous work in event analysis, assessing the social contexts in which dangers in society are identified and deterred. He is the author or co-author of 20 books and over 70 research articles and chapters. He has published in major journals in criminology and criminal justice, including Criminology, Justice Quarterly, and Journal of Quantitative Criminology.

In pursuing an interest in how risk influences the way the public and agencies manage hazards at the local and global level, he has recently published 6 books. With Erin E. Gibbs Van Brunschot, Risk Balance and Security (Sage, 2009), he examines how risk is assessed by agencies faced with major hazards including crime, terrorism, environmental disaster and disease. He has extended this work (with Ed McGarrell) to examine risk governance, particularly in the context of the globalization of these hazards, culminating in an edited book, Crime and Terrorism Risk, (Routledge 2011). In addition, (with Van Brunschot) he co-authored the book, The Risk in Crime (Rowman and Littlefield, 2009), that explores the use of risk in criminological theory and research. With Jean McGloin and Chris Sullivan, he has produced a reader, “When Crime Appears”, (Routledge, 2011) that looks at the role that emergence plays in influencing crime risk. With Cynthia Lum, he published Evidence Based Counterterrorism Policy, (Springer, 2011), a book that looks at how terrorism research can be improved through the use of evidence based research. His most recent book is entitled Translational Criminology and Counter-terrorism: Global Threats and Local Responses (Springer, 2014) co-authored with Alexis Kennedy and Yasemin Yrvin-Erikson.

In his most recent research, he extends his interest in risk assessment, focusing on crime mapping and the development (with Joel Caplan) of risk terrain modeling (RTM) for use by police in preventing crime. RTM is currently adopted by scores of police agencies around the world to help them forecast crime occurrences and respond through problem solving designed to address local issues. With Joel Caplan and Eric Piza, he is involved in two major federally funded research projects implementing and evaluating RTM practice in 7 different cities in the US. The RTM research has been published in major criminology journals, has received awards from ACJS, the Rutgers Newark Chancellor’s office, and the International Association of Crime Analysts.

Contact Information:
The School of Criminal Justice
Rutgers University
123 Washington Street, 5th Floor
Newark, NJ 07102-3094

John Klofas

Professor, School of Criminal Justice and Director of the Center for Public Safety Initiatives at Rochester Institute of Technology.

He served as the research partner as a member of the local criminal justice system’s Strategic Approaches to Community Safety Initiative (SACSI) program beginning in 2000. He has also worked in the same capacity in the local Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) program and served on the national training group for PSN. Klofas was also instrumental in expanding crime analysis in Rochester which served as a model for crime analysis centers across the State of New York.

The Center for Public Safety Initiatives (CPSI) is a locally focused research center that grew out of the partnerships with the City of Rochester, local agencies and not-for-profit organizations. The center has conducted a wide range of studies including statewide program evaluations. The Center works closely with NY’s Division of Criminal Justice Sciences. Work products of the Center can be found at

Klofas currently has a Smart Policing project on reducing dispute related violence and a PSN project on violence in Rochester.

Contact Information:
Related Areas of Expertise
Rochester Institute of Technology
Department of Criminal Justice
93 Lomb Drive
Rochester, NY 14623
Action Research
Multi-partner research strategies
Community focused interventions and research
Evaluation of collaborative interventions
Crime Analysis
Violence reduction

Edmund McGarrell

Ph.D., Professor, School of Criminal Justice, Michigan State University.

From 2001 through 2014, he served as Director of the School. McGarrell also serves as the Director of the Michigan Justice Statistics Center that is housed within the School of Criminal Justice. McGarrell’s research focuses on communities and crime with a particular focus on violence prevention and control.

McGarrell has served as a local research partner with a number of communities. His initial experience was with the Spokane (WA) Police Department when he was the Co-Director of the Washington State Institute for Community Oriented Policing. From 1996 to 2001, he directed the Crime Control Policy Center and served as research partner for the Indianapolis Police Department and the multi-agency Indianapolis Violence Reduction Partnership, part of the national Strategic Approaches to Community Safety Initiative. He has collaborated with the Lansing Police Department and Michigan State Police through the Smart Policing Program. Currently, he serves as research partner to the Detroit and Flint Police Departments. Since 2002 he has led a team that has served as the national research partner for the U.S. Department of Justice’s Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN) program. The Bureau of Justice Assistance-supported PSN, Violence Reduction Assessment Tool, and Research Partners Fellows Academy all support action research, development of evidence-based practice, and the translation of research to practice in support of the U.S. Department of Justice’s “Smart Justice” suite of programs. He is also involved in a National Institute of Justice funded study of firearms violence patterns across four Midwestern cities (Detroit, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, and St. Louis).

Recent articles have appeared in the Crime and Delinquency, Criminology and Public Policy, European Journal of Criminology, Journal of Criminal Justice, Journal of Experimental Criminology, and Police Quarterly. His research has been funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Institute of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, state and local agencies, and foundations.

Contact Information:
Related Areas of Expertise
School of Criminal Justice
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824
Action Research
Communities and Crime
Strategic Problem Solving
Violence Prevention and Control

Tammy Meredith

Ph.D., Co-Founder and Principal, Applied Research.

Dr. Meredith is nationally recognized for developing computerized risk assessment protocols for both prisons and community corrections. She continues to focus her current research efforts on identifying and managing the high-risk offender population. Dr. Meredith led a U.S. Department of Justice (NIJ) study to develop data-driven supervision protocols to improve supervision outcomes and is currently leading a study of parolee home visits. She is also in partnership with the Center for Effective Public Policy and the Urban Institute for the national “Justice Re-Investment” initiative helping jurisdictions better allocate resources to improve criminal justice efficiencies and outcomes.

Dr. Meredith’s OPERATION ELIMI-CON interactive website was recognized by the U.S. Attorney General as a “Project Safe Neighborhoods Innovative Practice” for the use of technology to fight gun crime. She has also instructed college courses and led professional research seminars for various agencies including:

  • The National Institute of Justice
  • The FBI’s National Academy
  • The Bureau of Justice Statistics
  • The Justice Research & Statistics Association

She received her MA degree from the State University of New York at Albany and a Ph.D. from the School of Criminology at Florida State University. Dr. Meredith served multiple years on the Board of Director’s for the Louis C. Hudson, Jr. Scholarship Fund which identifies high-risk youth for academic scholarships, and is a peer reviewer for various academic journals and federal grant applications.

Currently Dr. Meredith resides in midtown Atlanta where her daughter attends The Georgia Institute of Technology.

Contact Information:
Applied Research Services, Inc.
663 Ethel St NW
Atlanta, GA 30318
404- 881-1120

Roger Przybylski

Consultant and Founder, RKC Group.

RKC is a company that provides applied research, program evaluation and related training and technical assistance services to organizations working in the criminal and juvenile justice communities. Prior to forming RKC Group in 1997, Mr. Przybylski served as associate director for the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority, where he directed the agency’s research division. He also has served as coordinator of research for the Chicago Police Department, the nation’s second largest local law enforcement agency, and as staff to the Illinois Task Force on Crime and Corrections, the Governor’s Commission on Gangs in Illinois, and the Illinois Legislative Committee on Juvenile Justice. Mr. Przybylski is a past president of the Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA), a current member of JRSA’s executive board, and current chair of the American Evaluation Association’s crime and justice interest group. He also has been an adjunct faculty member at Loyola University and the University of Illinois-Chicago.

In 2008, Mr. Przybylski authored the publication What Works: Effective Recidivism Reduction and Risk-Focused Prevention Programs, A Compendium of Evidence-Based Options for Preventing New and Persistent Criminal Behavior, and he served as guest editor and contributing author for the Justice Research and Policy journal 2012 special issue on evidence-based policy and practice. More recently, Mr. Przybylski authored Implementing Evidence-Based Practices, a brief for policymakers and practitioners published in 2015 by JRSA with support from the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, as well as a series of literature reviews on sex offender recidivism and treatment published in 2014 by the U.S. Department of Justice, SMART Office. Mr. Przybylski has been the external project manager and a contributing author and editor for the SMART Office, Sex Offender Management, Assessment and Planning Initiative since the project’s inception in 2010.

In addition to his work for the SMART Office, Mr. Przybylski’s consulting work during the past year includes projects for the Colorado Division of Criminal Justice; the Multnomah County (Oregon) Local Public Safety Coordinating Council; the Tennessee Community Crime Reduction initiative; the Urban Institute; and the Institute for Intergovernmental Research. He also is developing a new edition of his 2008 What Works report with support from the National Criminal Justice Association, and he continues to conduct workshops on evidence-based practice and implementation science across the country.

Contact Information:
Applied Research Services, Inc.
RKC Group
7227 West 8th Avenue
Lakewood, CO 80214